IRCC leaves no doubt: “It’s a serious crime to lie, or to send false information or documents to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada”. If you’re applying for visiting, studying, working, temporary or permanent stay in Canada, you have to avoid misrepresentation at all costs. But what is it actually? Can you commit misrepresentation unknowingly? And what are the consequences? Let’s answer these questions today.
Every time you want to come to this amazing country, you’re asked some questions, and you have to provide some documents. The list of these questions and documents varies and depends on the purpose and conditions of your application.
For instance, if you apply for an eTA and you’re planning on coming here short-term (to visit your family or go sightseeing), you’ll have to answer just a few simple questions (e.g., “Have you ever applied for or obtained a visa, an eTA or a permit to visit, live, work or study in Canada?”).
Things get complicated when you’re applying for a permanent or temporary residence. In such a situation, you’ll have to provide a whole list of documents and proofs, sign a lot of forms and be ready to answer additional questions the immigration officer might have.
No matter what you apply for and what your reason for coming to Canada is, you have to stick to one golden rule – never lie; never provide false documents; never give incorrect or misleading information. All of that is considered fraud in Canada, a misrepresentation – a serious offence.
The issue of misrepresentation is covered in the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, section 40. You can read it in full here.
- Passports and other travel documents
- Diplomas, degrees and other educational documents
- Certificates (e.g., birth, marriage, divorce, death, etc.)
Secondly, misrepresentation happens always when you lie or withhold relevant facts on your immigration application, in an interview with an immigration officer, or during the renewal/extension process.
- An entry ban for at least five years
- Issuing a permanent record of fraud
- Taking away your status as a permanent resident or Canadian citizen
- Crime charges
- Removing from Canada